Belgian Holocaust Survivor Acts Out His Story on Stage to Mark 90th Birthday

Simon Gronowski (left), and Belgian artist Koenraad Tinel (right). © Reuters/GABRIELA BACZYNSKA

In a run-down old factory in Belgium, Holocaust survivor Simon Gronowski celebrated his 90th birthday by starring in an opera inspired by his life—a history of love, faith, and forgiveness overcoming the darkest tragedy.

Gronowski was 11 years old and living Brussels when, in 1943, Nazis put him, his mother, and sister on a train bound for Auschwitz, the infamous death camp in Nazi-occupied Poland.

The train was briefly stopped by three Belgian resistance fighters in Boortmeerbeek, 30 kilometres northeast of Brussels. In the ensuing chaos, Gronowski jumped off.

He went on to survive World War II in hiding. His family perished at Auschwitz, where more than one million people, mostly Jews, were killed.

“I am here because of a miracle. I jumped out of a death convoy,” said Gronowski. “I was very unhappy when I was 14, 15, 20 years old. I cried a lot. But I never had hate. For me, hate is an illness. That, I never had.”

Having been a much-loved child gave Gronowski the strength to overcome his tragedy, he said. In honour of his cherished sister, who was good at classical music and loved jazz, he became a jazz pianist, on top of his career as a lawyer.

After keeping quiet for decades about his past, Gronowski decided, in the 2000s, to write a memoir. That led to a meeting in 2012 with Koenraad Tinel, the son of Flemish Nazis whose brother had served as the prison guard of Gronowski’s family.

Tinel, a sculptor three years younger than Gronowski, asked for forgiveness.

“The children of the Nazis are not guilty,” Gronowski recounted telling Tinel. “He had the guilt of his father on his shoulders, he felt guilty. These words I said were important to him because they came from a victim of the Nazis.

“Our pain is not the same. But I understood his pain. And now he is more than a friend. He is my brother.”

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Nearly 80 years since the fateful events, Gronowski’s back is hunched with age and he can’t stand for long.

But his vivid eyes, quick smile, and gestures give him the air of someone much younger as he talks of his life marked by the horrors of the Holocaust, which has also been turned into an ode to love of humanity.

British composer Howard Moody was so inspired by Gronowski’s story after meeting him at a theatre performance several years ago that he wrote an opera based on Gronowski’s life and his extraordinary friendship with Tenel.

The opera, “PUSH,” has been performed several times in Belgium and the UK, but to mark Gronowski’s 90th birthday on Oct. 12, Moody put on a special performance in which both Gronowski and Tenel appeared, playing themselves.

The performance was staged in an old furniture factory near Boortmeerbeek, where Gronowski jumped off the train nearly 80 years ago, to a rapturous reception from an audience of 300.

PUSH mixes classic arias with jazz inserts and choral singing. In one grand scene set on the deck of a train carriage, the choir—collectively impersonating Gronowski’s mother—pushes little Simon off the convoy.

“That’s not something to be light or easy about. One has to give a sense of awareness about what happened and why it happened,” said Moody.

“But also this wonderful positivity that he has in his spirit, which is so inspiring. This touched me as much as the pain of his story.”

Later in the play, a Nazi guard kneels, begging for forgiveness in a powerful aria to which the main protagonist replies in soft, high tones: “I forgive you.”

Gronowski said the opera advocates peace, tolerance, and democracy. While the past could not be undone, the story carries a prescient message, according to Tinel.

“It is important today because this story repeats itself nonstop all over the world,” Tinel said. “We have to keep on giving testimony.”

Between their scenes, the duo rested on a bench on the stage, touching affectionately and at times wiping away tears. In the grand finale they embraced each other as they stood with members of the choir singing a piece echoing Gronowski’s motto.

“Despite the past, I believe in the power of human goodness,” they sang as members of the audience, some also welling up, gave a long standing ovation.


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